The Department of Energy (DOE) Pump Standards – Now is the Time to Choose
The Department of Energy (DOE) pump standards goes into effect on January 27, 2020. This affects projects you are sending out to bid right now! Why should you specify the DOE PEICL Rating? This is a short R. L. Deppmann Monday Morning Minutes, but you will be shocked.
The D.O.E. Pump Ratings
The Department of Energy is requiring certain types of pumps sold in the U.S. to meet a maximum kilowatt power consumption is an attempt to eliminate the inefficient pumps. There are two pump energy (PEI) index rating methods: The constant load test or CL and the variable load test or VL. Previous blogs explain these in detail and the links are shown below. Today I want to make a simple point very clear. Let’s look at a curve.
The curve above is a very efficient end suction pump. Bell & Gossett spent millions of dollars to improve their efficiencies over the last many years. The curve shows the DOE ratings. The pump energy index must be below 1.0 and the smaller the number the better. The PEICL is 0.94. This says the pump meets the standards without the aid of a variable speed drive (VFD). It says the pump is efficient. It also has a PEIVL of 0.46. When you couple a drive on an efficient pump with an acceptable PEICL, you save much more energy and money.
Here is a representation of a pump I made up to make a point. It has a best efficiency of 50% and drops from there. A funny thing is that this pump would be acceptable under a PEIVL test and could be sold if it ships with a drive. All this says is that under the new law, you can sell pretty much any pump if it is shipped with a drive. It says a pump operating on a variable load with a VFD saves more energy than if it operates at constant speed. We already knew that. It is why ASHRAE 90.1 standards require variable speed in most applications.
Just to make it clear. What if I run both 1000 GPM at 100’ pumps 365 days per year and at 11¢ per KWH? If I use the D.O.E. profile of a 20’ control head and operation of 25% of the time at each of 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25%, what is the operating cost?
The B&G pump will cost about $8,000.00 per year in electricity and the made-up pump will cost about $14,000.00 per year! Starting January 27th, 2020, consider the following in your specification if you really want better efficiency pumps.
- To read what pumps are included and for a link to the DOE law, visit the “New Pump Efficiency Standards Part 1: They’re Here, Now What?” blog post.
- To learn more about the term PEI, check out the “New Pump Efficiency Standard Part 2: The Pump Energy Index (PEI)” article.
- Visit the “New Pump Efficiency Standards Part 3: Calculating PER Values” article to read about the CL and VL load profiles.
- To see a summary of the pumps affected, check out the “Department of Energy Pump Standards – Modify Your Specification” post where we also dive into the loopholes, and links to the list of which pumps meet which indexes.