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There are several considerations when selecting the discharge line size from a sump or sewage pump. The discharge line must be large enough to handle the EXPECTED SOLIDS. Sump pumps normally have very little solid content in the discharge. Residential sump pumps in general handle 3/8” solids. Small commercial sump pumps may be similar to residential, however, we normally use effluent pumps for commercial applications. These pumps handle solids up to ¾”.
Sewage pumps, and their discharge pipes, are selected to handle a maximum spherical solid. Residential pumps handle a minimum of 1-1/2” up to 3”. Any of us with small children would naturally opt for the larger sizes, based on what gets flushed down the toilet. Commercial applications demand the ability to handle 2-1/2” to 3” solids or more.
In general, the discharge line size is equal to or larger than the pump connection size. In sewage pumps, the discharge size should also be selected so the minimum velocity is 2 feet per second or more. This is referred to as the scouring velocity to avoid clogged pipes.
The liquid in the discharge pipe must be turned a minimum of once every pump cycle. This means the run time, at the selected gallons per minute (GPM) flow rate, should move enough total gallons of liquid to completely replace all of the liquid in the discharge pipe. If we oversize the pipe or have long runs, we may have to increase the flow rate to achieve the turn rate, as well as maintain the scouring velocity. Here is a chart to help you determine volume.
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Disclaimer: R. L. Deppmann and it’s affiliates can not be held liable for issues caused by use of the information on this page. While the information comes from many years of experience and can be a valuable tool, it may not take into account special circumstances in your system and we therefore can not take responsibility for actions that result from this information. Please feel free to contact us if you do have any questions.